The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. Health may be defined as the ability to adapt and manage physical, mental and social challenges throughout life.
Health is the result of good exercise, Well balanced nutritious diet, proper rest, good sleep, good sex, clean surrounding.
Mental health is emotional and psychological well-being.
Why you should be healthy?
A healthy habit is any behaviour that benefits your physical, mental, and emotional health. These habits improve your overall well-being and make you feel good.
Healthy habits are hard to develop, follow in day to day life and often require changing your mindset and daily routine. But if you’re committed and willing to make something sacrifices for better health, the impact can be far-reaching, regardless of your age, sex, or physical ability and withstand the adverse climatic changes too.
Reasons for the unhealthy condition:
The Healthy Lifestyle For All is the basic need to be happy life style for huan.
As overeating, when you are not hungry, not exercising for approx 20-30 minute per day or 120-150 minute per week, consuming harmful substances such as tobacco, alcohol, narcotics, excess salts in food, Too oily cooked food, paneer, more fats in food, use unhealthy cooking oils in cooking food are not good for our health.
Body mass index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on height and weight that applies to adult men and women.
Underweight = <18.5
Normal weight = 18.5–24.9
Overweight = 25–29.9 ( state Obese)
Obesity = BMI of 30 or greater
What kinds of health problems are linked to overweight and obesity?
Excess weight may increase the risk for many health problems, including
Type 2 diabetes,
High blood pressure
heart disease and
Certain types of cancer
fatty liver disease
Pregnancy problems, such as high blood sugar during pregnancy, high blood pressure, and increased risk for cesarean delivery (C-section)
How to maintain Good Health:
Adequate Balanced Food:
Eating right and balance food means a quarter full of your standard dish plate with proteins, a quarter full of carbohydrates and half of vegetables and fruits.
There are six types of nutrients essential for survival and good health:
(1) Proteins, (2) Carbohydrates, (3) Lipids (fats), (4) Vitamins, (5) Minerals and (5) Water (6) Fibrous food and trace element.
Eating a balanced, calorie-managed diet can also help control weight. When you start the day with a healthy breakfast, you avoid becoming overly hungry later.
Regularly exercise help you avoid excess weight gain and maintain a healthy weight. According to the Mayo Clinic, being physically active is essential to reaching your weight-loss goals.
Even if you’re not trying to lose weight, regular exercise can improve cardiovascular health, boost your immune system, and increase your energy level.
Plan for at least 150 minutes of moderate physical activity every week.
If you do not be able to spend 120 t0 150 minutes for exercise then look for simple ways to increase activity throughout the day. For example, try walking instead of driving, take the stairs instead of the elevator.
Insomnia is about not getting enough proper sleep. It includes frequent or extended awakening in the middle of sleep or sleeps being delayed at night or shortened in the morning with early awakening, affecting the total duration of night sleep.
Anxiety or feeling agitated before sleep, feeling unrested after sleep, sleepiness and lethargy throughout the day, difficulty in concentration, irritable and tensed mood.
Take proper sleep per day for adult 7 – 8 hours of sleep recommended.
Good sex life is essential for your heart. Besides being a great way to raise your heart rate, sex helps keep your estrogen and testosterone levels in balance. When either one of hormones is low you begin to get lots of problems, like osteoporosis and even heart disease, so having sex as more often as you may enjoy will help your health.
Emotional stress that stays around for weeks or months can weaken the immune system and cause high blood pressure, fatigue, depression, anxiety and even heart disease. In particular, too much epinephrine can be harmful to your heart. It can change the arteries and how their cells are able to regenerate. Avoid any physical and mental stress.
Tobacco and lung health
How tobacco endangers the lung health
Lung cancer. Tobacco smoking is the primary cause of lung cancer, responsible for over two-thirds of lung cancer deaths globally. Second-hand smoke exposure at home or in the workplace also increases the risk of lung cancer. Quitting smoking can reduce the risk of lung cancer: after 10 years of quitting smoking, risk of lung cancer falls to about half that of a smoker.
Chronic respiratory disease. Tobacco smoking is the leading cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a condition where the build-up of pus-filled mucus in the lungs results in a painful cough and agonising breathing difficulties. The risk of developing COPD is particularly high among individuals who start smoking at a young age, as tobacco smoke significantly slows lung development. Tobacco also exacerbates asthma, which restricts activity and contributes to disability. Early smoking cessation is the most effective treatment for slowing the progression of COPD and improving asthma symptoms.
Avoid smoking, chewing, inhaling the smoke of tobacco.
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV) is a virus that most likely mutated decades ago from a virus that infected chimpanzees to one that infects humans. It began to spread beyond the African continent in the late 1970s and is now endemic worldwide. HIV causes disease because it attacks critical immune defence cells and over time overwhelms the immune system.
Without treatment, HIV infection starts to cause symptoms in an average of eight to 10 years with AIDS-related opportunistic illnesses, or diseases that only cause illness in people with impaired immune function. This symptomatic phase has been referred to as acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) or HIV disease.
Use a condom to save sex and avoid sex with a different person.
Alcohol, Beer and Wine:
Alcohol, also known by its chemical name ethanol, is a psychoactive drug that is the active ingredient in drinks such as beer, wine, and distilled spirits (hard liquor). It is one of the oldest and most common recreational substances, causing the characteristic effects of alcohol intoxication (“drunkenness”). Among other effects, alcohol produces a mood lift and euphoria, decreased anxiety, increased sociability, sedation, impairment of cognitive, memory, motor, and sensory function, and generalized depression of central nervous system function.
Avoid it use or strick monitors a prescribed dose.
Tuberculosis or TB as it’s commonly called. It is a contagious infection that usually attacks the lungs. It can also spread to other parts of the body, like the brain and spine. A type of bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis causes it.
Mosquitoes and malaria:
Malaria is transmitted from man to man by the female anopheles mosquitoes, one of the most capable vectors of human disease. Various species have been found to be the vectors in different parts of the world. A. gambiaecomplex is the chief vector in Africa and A. freeborni in N. America. Nearly 45 species of the mosquito have been found in India and A. culicifacies, A. fluviatilis, A. minimus, A. philippinensis, A. stephensi, A. sundaicus, and A. leucosphyrushave been implicated in the transmission of malaria.
Do not allow to collect water around your houses, avoid to collect water in utensils, digs around your house, keep it dry or avoid stagnant water, sprinkle mosquito killer.
Four Healthy lifestyle plans:
According to a recent study, very few adults actually meet the criteria for a healthy lifestyle. The study, published in the Archives of Internal Medicine, showed that only 3% of American adults got a perfect score on what the authors say are the four basic criteria for healthy living. Just 13.8% met three of the criteria; 34.2% met only two criteria. Women scored slightly better than men.
See how well you measure up on the researchers’ four keys to healthfulness:
1)Do you smoke?
2)Are you able to maintain a healthy weight (a BMI of 18-25), or are you successfully losing weight to attain a healthy weight?
3)Do you eat at least 5 servings of fruits and vegetables daily?
4)Do you exercise 30 minutes or more, 5 times a week?
Healthy living is a combination of many things, including good nutrition, regular exercise and a positive attitude. Taking care of your body and feeling pride in your accomplishments can improve both your physical and mental health.
1)There are many things you can do to improve your quality of life-improving your diet and exercising regularly are two of the easiest steps. No matter how small you start (adding an apple a day to your diet or walking 5 more minutes a day), you can make a change and an improvement in your life.
2)Add a fresh juice of beetroot, ginger, carrot, Apple, lemon, Bottlegourd and comma salts in the morning and avoid any other food to eat till afternoon.
3)An Ayurvedic powder made from 50 grams of Bay leaves, Black pepper, Royal Walnut Kernels, Organic – Flax Seeds, Rock Sugar Crystals and 10 grammes of Dark Cardamon Bark, take approx 6 grammas with warm drink water on an empty stomach after brush in the morning.
4)For more ideas on improving important life skills and your quality life, try some of the other MTSTCIL skills courses, such as assertiveness training, improving self-image, and stress management.
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